Associated Press in Washington
Thursday 6 December 2012 03.48 GMT
Govenor Chris Gregoire signs Referendum 74, a citizen-passed measure that legalises same-sex marriage in Washington Photograph: Elaine Thompson/AP
Govenor Chris Gregoire has signed into law a measure that legalises same-sex marriage in Washington state, which now joins several other US states that allow gay and lesbian couples to wed.
Gregoire and Secretary of State Sam Reed certified the election on Wednesday afternoon, as they were joined by couples who plan to wed and community activists who worked on the campaign supporting gay marriage.
The law doesn't take effect until Thursday, when gay and lesbian couples can start picking up their wedding certificates and licences at county auditors' offices. King County, the state's largest and home to Seattle, and Thurston County, home to the state capital of Olympia, will open the earliest, at 12:01am, to start issuing marriage licences.
Because the state has a three-day waiting period, the earliest that weddings can take place is Sunday. Same-sex couples who previously were married in another state that allows gay marriage, like Massachusetts, will not have to get remarried in Washington state. Their marriages will be valid here as soon as the law takes effect.
"This is a very important and historic day in the great state of Washington," Gregoire said before signing the measure that officially certified the election results. "For many years now we've said one more step, one more step. And this is our last step for marriage equality in the state of Washington."
Last month, Washington, Maine and Maryland became the first states to pass same-sex marriage by popular vote. They joined six other states New York, Connecticut, Iowa, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont and the District of Columbia that had already enacted laws or issued court rulings permitting same-sex marriage.
Nearly 54% of voters approved the referendum in Washington state. The law doesn't require religious organisations or churches to perform marriages, and it doesn't subject churches to penalties if they don't marry gay or lesbian couples.
Maryland's law officially takes effect 1 January, however couples can start picking up marriage licences on Thursday, as long as the licence has an effective date of 1 January. Maine's law takes effect on 29 December. There's no waiting period in Maine, and people can start marrying just after midnight.
In addition to private ceremonies that will start taking place across Washington state this weekend, Seattle City Hall will open for several hours on Sunday, and several local judges are donating their time to marry couples.
Washington state has had a domestic partnership law in place since 2007. The initial law granted couples about two dozen rights, including hospital visitation and inheritance rights when there is no will. It was expanded a year later, and then again in 2009, when lawmakers completed the package with the so-called "everything but marriage" law that was ultimately upheld by voters later that year.
This year, lawmakers passed the law allowing gay marriage, and Gregoire signed it in February. Opponents gathered enough signatures for a referendum, putting the law on hold before it could take effect.
There are nearly 10,000 domestic partnership registrations with the secretary of state's office. Most same-sex domestic partnerships that aren't ended prior to June 30, 2014, automatically become marriages, unless one of the partners is 62 or older.
That provision was included in the state's first domestic partnership law of 2007 to help heterosexual seniors who don't remarry out of fear they could lose certain pension or Social Security benefits.
Marcy Kulland and Terry Virgona, both 59 and from Tacoma, said they plan to get married on 28 September, 2013 to celebrate their 22nd anniversary.
"I'm just ecstatic. Now we're legitimided," Kulland said. "It's just absolutely wonderful."
However, she that while the state law is a great step forward, as long as federal law continues to deny federal recognition of same-sex marriages, there's more to be done.
"This completes us, it doesn't complete our work," Kulland said.